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Understanding Inhalant Abuse

Children and young teens are most likely to use inhalants. That’s because inhalants are legal and easy to get. In fact, you may have many of them in your home right now. Yet these common items can seriously affect your child’s health. In some cases, they may be fatal. Learn the warning signs of inhalant abuse. You may help save your child’s life.

What are inhalants?

Inhalants are toxic chemicals in the form of a gas. When breathed in, they make a quick, intense high. Users often feel light-headed, dizzy, or giddy. Some children use gasoline, airplane glue, or lighter fluid. But more than 1,000 types of chemicals may be used as inhalants. Users absorb them by sniffing, "huffing," or "bagging." Huffing involves putting rags soaked in inhalants over the mouth and nose and inhaling. Bagging is repeatedly inhaling in and out chemicals that are poured into a plastic or paper bag.

Signs of inhalant abuse

Suspect inhalant abuse if you notice any of the following:

  • Paint or chemical stains on your child’s face or clothing

  • Strong-smelling rags or bags hidden in your child’s room

  • Sores or spots around your child’s mouth or nose

  • Chemical-smelling breath

  • Slurred speech

Common inhalants

The following are inhalants commonly used:

  • Gasoline

  • Paint thinners

  • Correction fluids

  • Lighter fluid

  • Marking pens

  • Nail polish remover

  • Household cleaners

  • Aerosol sprays, such as hairspray or dessert topping spray

  • Deodorant sprays

  • Fabric protectors

  • Dry cleaning fluid

Online Medical Reviewer: Eric Perez MD
Online Medical Reviewer: L Renee Watson MSN RN
Date Last Reviewed: 9/1/2018
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